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J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2001 Apr;22(2):130-43.

Dietary recommendations to prevent and manage chronic pediatric health conditions: adherence, intervention, and future directions.

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  • 1Division of Psychology, Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA.


This review provides a summary of the dietary aspects of pediatric health conditions. Within each condition, dietary recommendations are reviewed, and adherence rates, factors affecting adherence, and known interventions are reported. Findings indicate that knowledge is necessary but not sufficient for dietary change. Interventions specifically targeting diet appear more promising than interventions aimed at global treatment adherence. Behavioral interventions and group treatment modalities also appear promising. Recommendations for future research include a systematic assessment of barriers to dietary adherence across populations, integration of the research on normative development of eating behavior in childhood, and the application of this information to the design and implementation of future treatment.

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