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Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2001 May;14(5):629-38.

Genetic mapping and functional analysis of the tomato Bs4 locus governing recognition of the Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria AvrBs4 protein.

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Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Institut des Sciences Végétales, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.


Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria is the causal agent of bacterial spot disease on pepper (Capsicum spp.) and tomato (Lycopersicon spp.). Analysis of 17 different Lycopersicon accessions with avrBs4-expressing X. campestris pv. vesicatoria strains identified 15 resistant and two susceptible tomato genotypes. Genetic analysis revealed that AvrBs4 recognition in tomato is governed by a single locus, designated Bs4 (bacterial spot resistance locus no. 4). Amplified fragment length polymorphism and bulked DNA templates from resistant and susceptible plants were used to define a 2.6-cM interval containing the Bs4 locus. A standard tomato mapping population was employed to localize Bs4-linked markers on the short arm of chromosome 5. Investigation of X. campestris pv. vesicatoria hrp mutant strains revealed that AvrBs4 secretion and avirulence activity are hrp dependent. Agrobacterium-based delivery of the avrBs4 gene into tomato triggered a plant response that phenotypically resembled the hypersensitive response induced by avrBs4-expressing X. campestris pv. vesicatoria strains, suggesting symplastic perception of the avirulence protein. Mutations in the avrBs4 C-terminal nuclear localization signals (NLSs) showed that NLSs are dispensable for Bs4-mediated recognition. Our data suggest that tomato Bs4 and pepper Bs3 employ different recognition modes for detection of the highly homologous X. campestris pv. vesicatoria avirulence proteins AvrBs4 and AvrBs3.

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