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Saudi Med J. 2001 Apr;22(4):347-50.

Relationship between breast-feeding duration and acute respiratory infections in infants.

Author information

1
Family & Community Medicine Department, College of Medicine & Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the relationship of breast-feeding duration on the frequency of respiratory tract infections in infants during the first 2 years of life.

METHODS:

A retrospective study where the files of infants randomly selected from Shamasan Primary Health Care Center were analyzed for different related factors and frequencies of respiratory infections.

RESULTS:

The mean duration of lactation was shorter than in previous national reports (5.1 +/- 3.4 months). The frequencies of respiratory infections were high in the first 2 years reaching an average of 9.2 +/- 4.1 attacks per infant. The lower respiratory tract suffered more frequent attacks than the upper averaging a rate of 5.6 +/- 2.6 attacks per infant compared to 3.7 +/- 2.2 attacks per infant. The multiple regression models pointed out to highly significant predictors for respiratory infection rates: Lactation duration (p < 0.001) for the 2 years rates, child rank (p < 0.001) for the first year rates and family income (p < 0.001) for the 2nd year rates.

CONCLUSION:

The lactation duration has an important relation to the frequency of respiratory infections in infancy. Every effort should be made to encourage and support longer duration of breast-feeding.

PMID:
11331494
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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