Send to

Choose Destination
J Neurochem. 2001 May;77(3):804-11.

Estradiol protects against ATP depletion, mitochondrial membrane potential decline and the generation of reactive oxygen species induced by 3-nitroproprionic acid in SK-N-SH human neuroblastoma cells.

Author information

Department of Pharmacodynamics and Center for Neurobiology of Aging, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA.


Mitochondria are recognized as modulators of neuronal viability during ischemia, hypoxia and toxic chemical exposure, wherein mitochondria dysfunction leading to ATP depletion may be a common pathway of cell death. Estrogens have been reported to be neuroprotective and proposed to play a role in the modulation of cerebral energy/glucose metabolism. To address the involvement of 17beta-estradiol preservation of mitochondrial function, we examined various markers of mitochondrial activity in human SK-N-SH neuroblastoma cells exposed to 3-nitroproprionic acid (3-NPA), a succinate dehydrogenase inhibitor which uncouples oxidative phosphorylation. 3-NPA (10 mM) significantly increased ATP levels at 2 h then caused a 40% and a 50% decrease in ATP levels from baseline when treated for 12 h and 24 h, respectively. 3-NPA also induced significant increases in levels of cellular hydrogen peroxide and peroxynitrite at 2 h and a 60% decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) at 12 h exposure. 17beta-Estradiol (17beta-E(2)) pretreatment restored the ATP level back to 80% at 12 h of that in control cells treated with 3-NPA but without E(2), blunted the effect of 3-NPA on MMP and reactive oxygen species levels. The present study indicates that 17beta-E(2) can preserve mitochondrial function in the face of inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center