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Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2001 May;8(3):475-81.

Development of an immunoglobulin M (IgM) capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of equine and swine IgM antibodies to vesicular stomatitis virus.

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National Centre for Foreign Animal Disease, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.


An immunoglobulin M (IgM) capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (MC-ELISA) was developed for the detection of primary infection of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) in equine and swine sera. The test was based on the use of biotinylated sheep antibodies against equine or swine IgM molecules bound to a streptavidin-coated ELISA plate. The captured IgM antibodies were detected by application of antigens prepared from the New Jersey and the Indiana VSV serotypes (VSV-NJ and VSV-IN, respectively) and mouse polyclonal antibodies against VSV-NJ and VSV-IN. The MC-ELISA was compared to a competitive ELISA (C-ELISA) and the standard microtiter serum neutralization (MTSN) assay by testing serum samples from horses and pigs experimentally infected with VSV-NJ or VSV-IN. The MC-ELISA detected specific homologous IgM antibodies from equine and swine sera as early as 5 and 4 days postinfection (DPI), respectively, and as late as 35 DPI. The MTSN test also detected antibodies as early as 5 DPI and as late as 160 DPI. In a similar fashion, the C-ELISA detected antibodies from 6 to 7 DPI and as late as 160 DPI. These results demonstrated that the MC-ELISA is a useful test for serodiagnosis of primary VSV infection in horses and pigs.

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