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Helicobacter. 2001 Mar;6(1):44-54.

The 26-kilodalton, AhpC homologue, of Helicobacter pylori is also produced by other Helicobacter species.

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Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Göteborg University, PO Box 435, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden.



The 26 kDa protein, which is an alkyl hydroperoxide reductase (AhpC) homologue, has earlier been described as specific for Helicobacter pylori. The aims of this study were to analyse whether this protein, or the corresponding gene, could be identified in other Helicobacter species.


Two different monoclonal antibodies (Mabs), which recognise the 26 kDa protein in H. pylori, were used in immunoblots to determine the presence of the protein in 10 Helicobacter species. PCR was performed in order to analyse whether the gene was detectable and the PCR products were sequenced. Southern and Northern blot analyses were done on chromosomal DNA and total RNA, respectively, isolated from some selected Helicobacter species in order to compare the genes and mRNA transcripts to H. pylori.


The 26 kDa protein was identified in H. nemestrinae (primate), H. acinonychis (cheetah), H. bilis (mouse), H. felis (cat) and H. salomonis (dog) but not in H. mustelae (ferret), H. cinaedi (human), H. canis (dog), H. fennelliae (human) or H. pullorum (poultry). By PCR the gene was also recognised in H. mustelae, H. cinaedi and H. pullorum. The PCR products showed high sequence homology (66-98%) compared to H. pylori. The gene was also highly conserved in four H. pylori strains (94-99% homology). Southern blot showed that the H. nemestrinae and H. acinonychis chromosomal DNA contained a single copy of the gene and the Northern blot analyses indicated mono-cistronic transcription of the gene in these two species, as has been found in H. pylori.


A gene similar to ahpC was found in eight out of 10 Helicobacter species analysed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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