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Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2001 Apr;103(4):275-81.

Major demographic, social and economic factors associated to suicide rates in Latvia 1980-98.

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1
Riga Psychoneurological Hospital, Riga, Latvia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study is to analyse the dynamics of suicide rates in Latvia 1980-98, when dramatic social and economical changes took place. Special attention is given to demographic risk groups and major socioeconomic correlates influencing the dynamics of suicide rates.

METHOD:

Descriptive statistics of suicide rates and major social and economical correlates.

RESULTS:

During 1980-98 there were rapid swings of suicide rates. The increase was generated mainly by males reaching a maximum of 72 per 100 000 population in 1993. The sudden drop in gross domestic product, the rapid increase in first-time alcohol psychosis and the percentage of people unemployed did not correspond strictly with the dynamics of suicide rates.

CONCLUSION:

Demographic and socioeconomic factors could not explain sufficiently the rapid changes in suicide rates in Latvia during the years 1980-98; psychological factors also have to be considered.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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