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Acta Neurol Scand. 2001 Apr;103(4):214-8.

Prevalence of multiple sclerosis in Västerbotten County in northern Sweden.

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Department of Neurology, Umeå University Hospital, Umeå, Sweden.



To estimate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Västerbotten County in northern Sweden.


Individuals with MS were identified from several sources. A follow-up interview and/or examination was performed in 94% of cases still living in the area during 1997-99. Onset adjusted prevalence and a definition of onset symptoms were applied.


A total of 313 cases were identified, resulting in an onset adjusted crude prevalence of MS for January 1990 of 125/105 (95% confidence interval (CI): 112-140). Female predominance was evident (163/105 (95% CI: 142-187) vs 86/105 (95% CI: 71-104)). Diagnostic coding registers were the most important source for identification of cases.


The crude prevalence of MS in Västerbotten was higher than previous reports from other major areas in Scandinavia. The adjusted prevalence was significantly higher when compared with a previous study from Göteborg, south-western Sweden. The methodology used in this study gives a high degree of case ascertainment and increases the comparability of multiple sclerosis epidemiological studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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