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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 May 4;283(2):369-73.

Interleukin-2 binds to ganglioside GD(1b).

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Laboratory of GlycoImmunotherapy, John Wayne Cancer Institute, Santa Monica, California 90404-2302, USA.


We have developed a solid matrix immunoassay to determine the binding of interleukin-2 (IL-2) to specific gangliosides. The assay establishes that recombinant human IL-2 binds to ganglioside GD(1b) but not to any other gangliosides (GM(1), GM(2), GM(3), GD(1a), GD(2), GD(3), and GT(1b)). The binding varies with the ratio of GD1b and IL-2. This assay enables distinguishing the nature of the sugar moiety of the ganglioside recognized by IL-2 and establishes the dosimetry of the ganglioside-IL-2 interaction. Since rIL-2 is administered systematically into stage IV melanoma patients, we have examined 45 tumor biopsies for GD(1b) content. The incidence of GD(1b) in tumor biopsies is 51%. We postulate that GD(1b) associated on the tumor or in the circulation of cancer patients may bind to rIL-2 and prevent the availability of rIL-2 to augment antitumor-immune response.

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