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J Occup Health Psychol. 2001 Apr;6(2):139-59.

The effects of job insecurity on employee safety outcomes: cross-sectional and longitudinal explorations.

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  • 1Washington State University Vancouver, 14204 NE Salmon Creek Avenue, Vancouver, Washington 98686, USA.


Job insecurity research has focused primarily on attitudinal (e.g., job satisfaction), behavioral (e.g., employee turnover), and health outcomes. Moreover, research in the area of workplace safety has largely focused on ergonomic factors and personnel selection and training as primary antecedents of safety. Two cross-sectional structural equational modeling analyses and 1 longitudinal regression analysis of 237 food-processing plant employees unite these 2 disparate areas of research by exploring the relatively uncharted relationship between job insecurity and safety outcomes. Results indicate that employees who report high perceptions of job insecurity exhibit decreased safety motivation and compliance, which in turn are related to higher levels of workplace injuries and accidents.

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