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ASDC J Dent Child. 2001 Jan-Feb;68(1):47-50, 12.

Nursing-bottle syndrome caused by prolonged drinking from vessels with bill-shaped extensions.

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Policlinic of Pediatric Dentistry, Medical Center of Odontology, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Germany.


Our investigating 186 infants between the ages of one and six with carious destruction of the maxillary primary incisors, it was learned which risk factors were responsible for the condition known as nursing bottle syndrome. One hundred and twenty-eight infants (68.8 percent) were given a nursing bottle, twelve (6.5 percent) a feeding cup or other bottles with bill- shaped extensions, and forty-one (22.0 percent) both a nursing bottle and vessels with bill-shaped extensions; in all cases the feeding was excessive and prolonged beyond the first year of life. An additional five infants (2.7 percent) were breast-fed excessively beyond the first year. The results confirm the risk of tooth destruction, typical of nursing bottle syndrome, by prolonged and frequent consumption of cariogenic beverages from vessels with bill-shaped extensions. It is important, therefore, that a warning regarding dental health hazards of such feeding methods be issued.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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