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J Cardiovasc Risk. 2001 Apr;8(2):63-71.

Effects of fluvastatin on cardiac events in renal transplant patients: ALERT (Assessment of Lescol in Renal Transplantation) study design and baseline data.

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Department of Medicine, National Hospital, N-0027 Oslo, Norway.



Recent clinical trials of primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease have demonstrated that lowering plasma cholesterol with 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG CoA) reductase inhibitors ('statins') reduces morbidity and mortality from coronary heart disease in diverse patient populations.


The aim of the present ALERT (Assessment of Lescol in Renal Transplantation) study is to determine whether renal transplant recipients would also benefit from statin therapy. ALERT is a multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to assess the effect of fluvastatin in renal transplant recipients with mild-to-moderate hypercholesterolaemia. The primary objective is to investigate the effects of fluvastatin on major adverse cardiac events (MACE). In addition, the effects on cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, as well as renal function, will be addressed.


The study population contains patients with functioning renal allografts of more than 6 months' duration, recruited from 75 centres in Northern Europe and Canada. Patients of both sexes, aged 30-75 years, with a total cholesterol level of 4.0-9.0 mmol/l (155-348 mg/dl) were included, except for those with a history of myocardial infarction, where the upper limit for inclusion was 7.0 mmol/l (270 mg/dl).


A total of 2100 patients were recruited by the end of October 1997 and will be followed for up to 6 years. This report presents the design features of the study (recruitment, follow-up, sample size, data analysis and study organization), along with baseline results. ALERT is the first large-scale prospective, randomized, double-blind study to address the prevention of cardiovascular mortality in renal transplant patients receiving an HMGCoA reductase inhibitor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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