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J Cardiovasc Risk. 2001 Apr;8(2):63-71.

Effects of fluvastatin on cardiac events in renal transplant patients: ALERT (Assessment of Lescol in Renal Transplantation) study design and baseline data.

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1
Department of Medicine, National Hospital, N-0027 Oslo, Norway. hallvard.holdaas@rikshospitalet.no

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recent clinical trials of primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease have demonstrated that lowering plasma cholesterol with 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG CoA) reductase inhibitors ('statins') reduces morbidity and mortality from coronary heart disease in diverse patient populations.

STUDY AIMS:

The aim of the present ALERT (Assessment of Lescol in Renal Transplantation) study is to determine whether renal transplant recipients would also benefit from statin therapy. ALERT is a multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to assess the effect of fluvastatin in renal transplant recipients with mild-to-moderate hypercholesterolaemia. The primary objective is to investigate the effects of fluvastatin on major adverse cardiac events (MACE). In addition, the effects on cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, as well as renal function, will be addressed.

STUDY POPULATION:

The study population contains patients with functioning renal allografts of more than 6 months' duration, recruited from 75 centres in Northern Europe and Canada. Patients of both sexes, aged 30-75 years, with a total cholesterol level of 4.0-9.0 mmol/l (155-348 mg/dl) were included, except for those with a history of myocardial infarction, where the upper limit for inclusion was 7.0 mmol/l (270 mg/dl).

STUDY DESIGN:

A total of 2100 patients were recruited by the end of October 1997 and will be followed for up to 6 years. This report presents the design features of the study (recruitment, follow-up, sample size, data analysis and study organization), along with baseline results. ALERT is the first large-scale prospective, randomized, double-blind study to address the prevention of cardiovascular mortality in renal transplant patients receiving an HMGCoA reductase inhibitor.

PMID:
11324372
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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