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Indian J Exp Biol. 2000 Oct;38(10):967-73.

Cyclic AMP-mediated control of oocyte maturation in the catfish, Clarias batrachus (Bloch): effects of 17 alpha,20 beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one and phosphodiesterase inhibitors.

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Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India.


An increase in the percentage of germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) with a corresponding decrease in cAMP was found in the oocytes which were incubated for 36 hr with different concentrations of 17 alpha,20 beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17 alpha,20 beta-DP). At its highest concentration (1 microgram/ml), 17 alpha,20 beta-DP induced 91.9 +/- 2.3% GVBD and decreased cAMP level to 0.8 +/- 0.1 pmol/oocyte from 2.9 +/- 0.2 pmol/oocyte (control). The two different known inhibitors of phosphodiesterase viz. 3-isobutyl-1-methyl-xanthine (IBMX) and theophylline inhibited GVBD in vitro and promoted the accumulation of cAMP in a dose-dependent manner irrespective of whether the oocytes were treated for a short duration (2 hr) or for a long duration (36 hr). Evaluation of time course response to 1 mM IBMX or 1 mM theophylline revealed that cAMP levels increased at all the time points when compared with their respective controls and blocked maturation. In contrast, 1 microgram/ml 17 alpha,20 beta-DP not only induced oocyte maturation but also caused an immediate decrease in cAMP within the first 2 hr (from 3.2 +/- 1.3 to 1.3 +/- 0.1 pmol/oocyte) of incubation which was maintained till the end of experiment (36 hr). Likewise, a significant inhibition of GVBD and accumulation of cAMP was recorded even in oocytes pre-stimulated with 1 microgram/ml 17 alpha,20 beta-DP for 6 hr and then treated with different concentrations of IBMX or theophylline. Taken together, these data strongly suggest that in C. batrachus a decrease of oocyte cAMP concentration is a prerequisite for the induction of oocyte maturation, and its increase is associated with the maintenance of meiotic arrest.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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