Send to

Choose Destination
J Calif Dent Assoc. 2000 Dec;28(12):922-7.

Papillary lesions of the oral cavity: relationship to human papillomaviruses.

Author information

Department of Pathology and Medicine, University of the Pacific School of Dentistry, USA. Leversol@SF.UOP.EDU


Human papillomaviruses are a group of genetically related organisms that infect stratified squamous epithelium. Unlike many other viruses that infect oral epithelium and induce lysis of the cells they penetrate, HPVs induce proliferative changes in these cells that result in both benign and malignant tumors. The common skin wart (verruca vulgaris) is induced by HPV 2 and 4. Genital warts (condylomas) and the common solitary oral papilloma are associated with HPV 6 and 11. Either HPV 13 or 32 causes focal epithelial hyperplasia. All of these wart-like lesions are benign growths of the stratified squamous lining of the oral cavity and lips and can be treated by surgical excision or laser ablation. HPV 16 and other less frequently encountered genotypes are associated with uterine cervix cancer in 95 percent to 98 percent of cases, and the evidence for a causal role is robust. There are emerging data that implicate HPV in certain subsets of oral cancer, particularly those that arise in the oropharynx/tonsillar region. Some instances of the various histologic subtypes subsumed under proliferative verrucous leukoplakia and verrucous carcinoma also harbor HPV.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center