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Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 2001 Apr;49(2):125-34.

[Frequency of childhood injuries: first results of the Boulogne-Billancourt registry].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Service de Santé publique et d'Information médicale, Hôpital Ambroise Paré, 9 avenue Charles de Gaulle, 92104 Boulogne-Billancourt.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Boulogne-Billancourt database is in France the only permanent and specific childhood injury surveillance system. Integrated in an safe community program designed by the World Health Organization (WHO), the aims of a local database are to provide precise information intended to implement prevention actions.

METHOD:

All children less than sixteen years old living in Boulogne-Billancourt, victims of injuries occurring in that town, and requiring hospital care, are targeted.

RESULTS:

Two thousand five hundred and eighty accidents have been computed between 1(st) January 1998 and 31 December 1999, i.e. an average annual incidence of 79.7/1000 children. As in other similar databases, domestic accidents are prevalent in the average (40%), even though after five years old school injuries become the most frequent ones (36%). Falls are the main mechanism involved in injury at any age (44 to 54%). Distribution of other mechanisms varies with respect to age: foreign body prevalence is maximum between one and four (2.5%), struck-collisions (38%) between ten and fifteen years old. A significant increase of falls involving roller-skates or skateboards has been observed between 1998 and 1999 (3.8% versus 1.1%, p<0.001). Predominanting injury causes are contusions (38%), mainly head trauma (10%), open wounds (16%), fractures (10%), and sprains (6%). Two hundred and twenty four injuried children have been admitted in 1998, 205 in 1999, i.e. respectively 13.8/1000 and 12.7/1000 children dwelling in Boulogne. Overall recurrence rate is 32%, reaching 47% after eleven years old. A significant relationship has been observed between injury recurrence and problems related to education (odds ratio: 2.95; 95% CI: 1.75-5.00), atypical parenting situation (odds ratio: 1.70; 95% CI: 1.20-2.30), and family discord (odds ratio: 1.62; 95% CI: 1.05-2.50). Household accidents are the most avoidable ones in parents'opinion. This is not the case for road-traffic accidents, given evidence of the lack of means of protection observed in bicycle injuries.

CONCLUSION:

In spite of methodological issues such as control of exhaustivity of data, or difficulties to maintain a long-term surveillance sytem, this project worth carrying on with regard to provided information and usefulness for prevention. Other similar community experiences should be implemented with the aim of setting up a national-wide surveillance system, based on an homogenous data collection.

PMID:
11319479
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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