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Oncogene. 2001 Feb 1;20(5):590-8.

CD30-mediated cell cycle arrest associated with induced expression of p21(CIP1/WAF1) in the anaplastic large cell lymphoma cell line Karpas 299.

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Department of Internal Medicine III, University of Ulm, Robert-Koch-Str. 8, D-89081 Ulm, Germany.


One of the major characteristics of anaplastic large cell lymphomas (ALCL) is the expression of the Ki-1/CD30 antigen. While the receptor mediates NF-kappaB-activation in Hodgkin's lymphomas, some data suggest the CD30-mediated apoptosis of other CD30-expressing cells. We were able to demonstrate that activation of CD30 leads to different effects regarding cell proliferation of the ALCL-derived cell lines Karpas 299 and JB6. Western and Northern blotting analysis revealed that CD30-induced growth inhibition of Karpas 299 cells correlated with a strong upregulation of the cell cycle inhibitor p21(CIP1/WAF1). We found a non activating point mutation at codon 273 in exon 8 of the p53 gene in Karpas 299 cells which indicates an p53-independent mechanism for induced p21 expression. Abundant p21 protein expression resulted in hypophosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein (Rb) and inhibition of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). CD30-stimulated cells showed no indications of apoptotic cell death, like genomic DNA fragmentation or cleavage of the caspase-3 target protein poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Our results indicate that CD30 is able to mediate an p21-associated cell cycle arrest in ALCL with possible implications for prognosis and clinical treatment.

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