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Oncogene. 2001 Apr 5;20(15):1913-22.

Fibroblast growth factor and insulin-like growth factor differentially modulate the apoptosis and G1 arrest induced by anti-epidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibody.

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Department of Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, Texas, TX 77030, USA.


DiFi human colon carcinoma cells are stimulated by the transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha)/epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor autocrine loop. Exposure of DiFi cells to monoclonal antibody (mAb) 225, which blocks ligand-induced activation of the EGF receptor, induces G1 arrest and subsequent cell death via apoptosis. We investigated the signal pathways by which basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) modulate mAb 225-induced G1 arrest and apoptosis in DiFi cells. Both bFGF and IGF-1 activated the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) kinase (MEK) pathway in DiFi cells. Additionally, IGF-1 activated the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI-3K)/Akt pathway. Both bFGF and IGF-1 inhibited mAb 225-induced apoptosis; however, bFGF provided sustained protection against apoptosis, while the protection by IGF-1 was only temporary. Also, bFGF reversed the mAb 225-induced increase in the p27(Kip1) level, inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinase-2 (CDK-2) activity, dephosphorylation of the retinoblastoma (Rb) protein and the resultant G1 arrest of the cells. In contrast, IGF-1 did not reverse such effects by mAb 225. The prevention of mAb 225-induced G1 arrest and apoptosis in DiFi cells by bFGF was sensitive to the MEK/MAPK inhibitor PD98059 but not to the PI-3K inhibitor LY294002. In contrast, inhibition of apoptosis by IGF-1 in DiFi cells was sensitive only to LY294002 and not to PD98059. These results further our understanding of how mAb 225 induces apoptosis in DiFi cells.

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