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Cell Death Differ. 2001 Jan;8(1):51-62.

Ectopic expression of cyclin D1 impairs the proliferation and enhances the apoptosis of a murine lymphoid cell line.

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Université de Caen, UPRES-EA 2128, UFR de Médecine, CHU Côte de Nacre, 14032 Caen Cedex, France.


Cyclin D1, a key regulator of the cell cycle, acts as an oncogene when over-expressed in several types of cancer. In some B-chronic lymphoproliferative disorders, the over-expression of cyclin D1 protein is thought to confer a proliferative phenotype. We have generated BaF3 pro-B cell derivatives in which cyclin D1 can be induced rapidly and reversibly in a dose-dependent manner by the hormone muristerone A. When non-expressing clones displayed the same proliferative capacity as the parental cell line, in the sub-clones, a moderate induction of cyclin D1 lengthened the proliferation rate. The over-expression of cyclin D1 had the same effects on cell proliferation but also led ultimately to cell death by apoptosis. The induction of cyclin D1 in growth factor-deprived cells as well as in anticancer drug-treated cells also reinforced the magnitude of apoptosis. Thus, the expression of cyclin D1 in lymphoid cells does not confer a proliferative advantage but rather alters the response of cells towards apoptotic stimuli in a p53-independent manner.

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