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J Immunol. 2001 May 1;166(9):5327-30.

Cutting edge: intravenous soluble antigen is presented to CD4 T cells by CD8- dendritic cells, but cross-presented to CD8 T cells by CD8+ dendritic cells.

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Immunology Division, The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, Australia.


Mouse spleen contains three distinct mature dendritic cell (DC) populations (CD4(+)8(-), CD4(-)8(-), and CD4(-)8(+)) which retain a capacity to take up particulate and soluble AGS: Although the three splenic DC subtypes showed similar uptake of injected soluble OVA, they differed markedly in their capacity to present this Ag and activate proliferation in OVA-specific CD4 or CD8 T cells. For class II MHC-restricted presentation to CD4 T cells, the CD8(-) DC subtypes were more efficient, but for class I MHC-restricted presentation to CD8 T cells, the CD8(+) DC subtype was far more effective. This differential persisted when the DC were activated with LPS. The CD8(+) DC are therefore specialized for in vivo cross-presentation of exogenous soluble Ags into the class I MHC presentation pathway.

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