Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Bioconjug Chem. 2001 Mar-Apr;12(2):213-9.

Size optimization of synthetic graft copolymers for in vivo angiogenesis imaging.

Author information

  • 1The Center for Molecular Imaging Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.


Angiogenesis is a critical step in tumor development and more than 25 angiogenesis inhibitors are currently in clinical trials. Noninvasive in vivo imaging of angiogenesis represents a unique opportunity of repeatedly quantitating microvascular parameters prior to and during anti-angiogenic treatments. While several imaging tracers have been proposed for MR and nuclear imaging, there does not exist any consensus of what constitutes an ideal size of an imaging agent. A series of synthetic pegylated DOTA derivatized graft copolymers (30, 60, 120 kDa) were synthesized and their in vivo behavior tested in two breast cancer models differing in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. Polymers were labeled with different lanthanides (Eu, Gd, Dy) and absolute blood and tumor concentrations were determined by ICP-AES measurements. DOTA and the 30 kDa polymers underwent renal clearance resulting in low plasma levels. Slow leakage across neovasculature into tumor interstitium was clearly dependent on the molecular mass of all tested agents in MCF-7 tumors. However, a cutoff was observed with minimal extravasation occurring at and above 120 kDa in well differentiated MCF-7 tumors. VEGF overexpression caused detectable differences in extravasation of all polymers, including the 120 kDa compound. We conclude that large molecular weight contrast agents with a molecular mass of <120 kDa extravasate from experimental tumor neovasculature and may not be an accurate marker for measuring true blood volume fractions when in vivo imaging is performed in the steady state.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for American Chemical Society
    Loading ...
    Support Center