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Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2001 Mar;12(1):1-8.

Ski/Sno and TGF-beta signaling.

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Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado-Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA.


Transforming growth factor-beta is a potent inhibitor of epithelial cell proliferation. Proteins involved in TGF-beta signaling are bona fide tumor suppressors and many tumor cells acquire the ability to escape TGF-beta growth inhibition through the loss of key signaling transducers in the pathway or through the activation of oncogenes. Recent studies indicate that there is a specific connection between the TGF-beta signaling pathway and the Ski/SnoN family of oncoproteins. We summarize evidence that Ski and SnoN directly associate with Smad proteins and block the ability of the Smads to activate expression of many if not all TGF-beta-responsive genes. This appears to cause abrogation of TGF-beta growth inhibition in epithelial cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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