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Vaccine. 2001 Apr 30;19(23-24):3216-25.

Immunogenicity in mice of pneumococcal glycoconjugate vaccines using pneumococcal protein carriers.

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Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, NIH Building 29, Room 405, 1401 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20892, USA.


Antibody response and protective immunity were evaluated in mice immunized with pneumococcal glycoconjugate vaccines using two pneumococcal protein carriers. Mice injected with type 9V polysaccharide (PS) conjugated to inactivated pneumolysin (Ply) or autolysin (Aly) produced high levels of IgG and IgM antibodies to both the PS and the protein carrier. Higher PS antibody titers to the pneumococcal PS conjugates were measured by ELISA using PS-Ply or PS-tetanus toxoid (TT) conjugate as a coating antigen compared with PS mixed with methylated human serum albumin. Type 9V PS (10 microg) inhibited most of the 9V IgM and IgG antibody binding to the 9V-TT coated plate. In contrast, absorption with 19F PS did not inhibit 9V antibody binding. The avidity index of IgG antibodies in the 9V PS-Ply serum was 55.5 +/- 0.9, compared with 47.8 +/- 1.4 for 9V PS-Aly serum. Thus, high avidity of serum antibodies in conjugate-immunized mice can provide more effective functional activity for protection against pneumococcal infection. Mice immunized with these glycoconjugates exhibited rapid bacterial clearance from blood and provided cross-protection against challenge with heterologous serotypes of virulent pneumococci. These results reveal that conjugates using pneumococcal protein carriers can induce opsonophagocytic activity to destroy homologous and heterologous pneumococci, indicating that such conjugates can confer broader protective immunity than conjugates using non-pneumococcal proteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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