Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 2001 Apr 18;89(1-2):94-102.

Regulation of aquaporin-4 expression in astrocytes.

Author information

  • 1Department of Bioregulation Research, Nagoya City University Medical School, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya 467-8601, Japan.


Aquaporin-4 (AQP4), a mercury-insensitive water channel protein, is abundant in the central nervous system and is localized in astrocytes and ependymal cells. AQP4 is speculated to maintain the homeostasis of intracellular and extracellular water in the brain, but little is known about the mechanism of induction of its expression. To investigate the expressional regulation of AQP4, we analyzed changes in its expression during chemically induced differentiation of embryonal carcinoma cells (P19) to neuronal and astrocytic cells, and during the cell cycle of glioma cells. After exposure to retinoic acid for 4 days AQP4 mRNA expression started at the initiation of astrocytic differentiation of P19 cells at 6 days, and increased markedly by 21 days. AQP4 expression was parallel to that of GFAP, a marker intermediate filament of astrocytes. In glioma cell lines, AQP4 mRNA was not detected in the growing phase, but was induced when the cell cycle was arrested at G0/G1 by transient expression of p21. Although quiescent astrocytes in the G0/G1-phase cultured under the serum-free condition exhibited a high expression of AQP4, serum supplement moved them to the S-phase and markedly decreased the AQP expression. These results suggest that AQP4 expression may be induced not only at the initiation of astrocytic differentiation of neural stem cells, but also at the G0/G1-phase during the cell cycle of astrocytes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center