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Lab Invest. 2001 Mar;81(3):327-34.

Interleukin-11 up-regulates survivin expression in endothelial cells through a signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 pathway.

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Interdepartmental Program in Vascular Biology and Transplantation, Boyer Center for Molecular Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.


Interleukin-11 (IL-11) reduces injury both in vivo and in vitro, but the mechanisms are unknown. Stimulation of serum- and growth factor-deprived HUVEC with IL-11 increased survivin mRNA and protein expression levels in a dose-dependent manner, with maximal induction at 50 to 100 ng/ml of IL-11. Survivin mRNA expression peaked after 3 to 6 hours of IL-11 treatment and decreased by 24 hours. Survivin protein expression was maximal at 6 hours of treatment and remained elevated through 24 hours. Survivin induction may be mediated by activation of protein kinase B/Akt, but IL-11 failed to activate this pathway in HUVEC. IL-11 did activate signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-3 and IL-11 failed to induce survivin expression in HUVEC transduced with a dominant-negative STAT3 mutant, whereas control-transduced HUVEC responded normally. An IL-11 transgene caused increased survivin mRNA expression in mice compared with control littermates. Intradermal injection of IL-11 (500 ng) into human skin xenografts on immunodeficient mice up-regulated survivin protein in microvascular endothelium and epithelial keratinocytes. We conclude that IL-11 induces expression of survivin, an antiapoptotic protein, in vitro and in vivo, and identify STAT3 as a critical mediator of this response.

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