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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2001 Apr;63(4 Pt 2):046612. Epub 2001 Mar 29.

Two-dimensional Green's function and local density of states in photonic crystals consisting of a finite number of cylinders of infinite length.

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School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.


Using the exact theory of multipole expansions, we construct the two-dimensional Green's function for photonic crystals, consisting of a finite number of circular cylinders of infinite length. From this Green's function, we compute the local density of states (LDOS), showing how the photonic crystal affects the radiation properties of an infinite fluorescent line source embedded in it. For frequencies within the photonic band gap of the infinite crystal, the LDOS decreases exponentially inside the crystal; within the bands, we find "hot" and "cold" spots. Our method can be extended to three dimensions as well as to treating disorder and represents an important and efficient tool for the design of photonic crystal devices.

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