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J Agric Food Chem. 2001 Apr;49(4):1957-65.

A cyclic voltammetry method suitable for characterizing antioxidant properties of wine and wine phenolics.

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Department of Chemistry, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand.


Phenolic antioxidants are ranked by reducing strength and characterized for reversibility using cyclic voltammetry at a glassy carbon electrode. Phenolics with an ortho-diphenol group show a first oxidation peak close to 400 mV (vs. Ag/AgCl) in a model wine solution (12% ethanol, 0.033 M tartaric acid, adjusted to pH 3.6), with a linear concentration dependence below 0.01 mM. Dilution of white wines 10x, and red wines 400x, gave first oxidation peak currents in the 1.5 to 2.2 microA range and 1.9 to 3.4 microC of charge passed by 500 mV, producing values for the concentrations of phenolic antioxidants with low oxidation potentials in the wines. Further peaks in the cyclic voltammograms of the diluted wines correspond to classes of phenolics with higher oxidation potentials, providing a qualitative assessment of wine phenolics based on reducing strength.

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