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Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2001 Apr;24(4):390-7.

Antiinflammatory properties of inducible nitric oxide synthase in acute hyperoxic lung injury.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan. hiro@kitasato-u.ac.jp

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine whether endogenous nitric oxide (NO), specifically the inducible NO synthase isoform (iNOS: NOS II), reduces or amplifies lung injury in mice breathing at a high oxygen tension. Previous studies have shown that exogenous (inhaled) NO protects against hyperoxia-induced lung injury, and that endogenous NO derived from iNOS inhibits leukocyte recruitment and protects against lung injury induced by lipopolysaccharide. In the present study, hyperoxia (> 98% O(2) for 72 h) induced acute lung injury in both wild-type and iNOS-deficient mice as determined by elevated albumin and lactate dehydrogenase levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and by increased extravascular lung water. Lung injury was greater in iNOS-deficient mice than in wild-type mice and was associated with an increased number of polymorphonuclear leukocytes in BALF. iNOS messenger RNA expression levels increased in the lungs of wild-type hyperoxic mice. Nitrotyrosine, a marker of reactive NO species, was expressed in both wild-type and iNOS-deficient mice in hyperoxia, indicating an iNOS-independent pathway for protein nitration. We conclude that iNOS is capable of reducing pulmonary leukocyte accumulation and lung injury. The data indicate that iNOS induction serves as a protective mechanism to minimize the effects of acute exposure to hyperoxia.

PMID:
11306431
DOI:
10.1165/ajrcmb.24.4.4218
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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