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Cell Signal. 2001 Apr;13(4):269-77.

The mechanism of angiotensin II-induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 activation is independent of angiotensin AT(1A) receptor internalisation.

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Integrated Molecular Cardiology Group, Institute for Cardiovascular Research, Worsley Building, University of Leeds, LS2 9JT, Leeds, UK.


The aim of this study was to determine whether internalisation of the angiotensin II (Ang II) AT(1A) receptor (AT(1A)R) was a prerequisite for Ang II-induced activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinases, ERK-1/2. The human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cell line stably transfected with either the wild-type rat AT(1A)R or an internalisation-deficient C-terminal truncated mutant of the AT(1A)R (AT(1A)T318R) was used as a model for these studies. Inhibition of AT(1A)R internalisation by treatment with an inhibitor of clathrin-mediated endocytosis, Concanavalin A (Con A), did not inhibit Ang II-induced ERK-1/2 activation. Furthermore, cells transfected with the internalisation-deficient AT(1A)T318R mutant readily activated ERK-1/2 in response to Ang II. Ang II activated ERK-1/2 via two distinct signalling pathways in HEK-AT(1A)R cells. Approximately half of Ang II-induced ERK-1/2 activation was protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent, and the remainder was calcium- and c-Src-dependent and involved transactivation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). In summary, Ang II-induced activation of ERK-1/2 occurs via two distinct pathways in HEK293 cells, neither of which requires AT(1A)R internalisation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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