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J Subst Abuse Treat. 2001 Mar;20(2):153-62.

Treatment compliance in the trajectory of treatment progress among offenders.

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  • 1Kings County District Attorney's Office, 350 Jay Street, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA.


Research on drug treatment process has been limited, with most studies centering on individual and program factors associated with successful treatment completion. Recent literature has begun highlighting the salience of treatment engagement in reducing drug dependence among criminal offenders. This study descriptively analyzes incidents of treatment noncompliance identified in monthly progress reports for 150 criminal justice-mandated clients in residential treatment. We identify seven problem types and seven dimensions of noncompliance in the trajectory of treatment engagement. The latter are prevalence, frequency, types, specialization, temporal distribution, paths, and correlates. It is found that incidents of rule violations are common among criminal justice participants of residential treatment. Although for most clients these troubles do not appear to evolve into serious obstacles to recovery, a few clients with a high frequency of noncompliant behavior never engage in treatment. Clinical implications for improving treatment engagement and retention are discussed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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