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J Reprod Med. 2001 Mar;46(3):213-20.

Hormone replacement therapy plus pelvic floor muscle exercise for postmenopausal stress incontinence. A randomized, controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka City University Medical School, and Hanwa Sumiyoshi General Hospital, Osaka, Japan. ishikoo@msic.med.osaka-cu.ac.jp

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the effects of the combination of pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME) and estriol on postmenopausal stress incontinence (SI).

STUDY DESIGN:

Sixty-six patients with postmenopausal SI were randomized to a group treated with a combination of estriol (1 mg/d) and PFME (group A, n = 32) and a group treated with PFME alone (group B, n = 34). Efficacy was evaluated every three months based on stress scores obtained from a urinary incontinence (UI) questionnaire.

RESULTS:

A significant decrease in stress score was observed in mild and moderate UI patients in both groups three months after the commencement of therapy (A and B, P < .0001). The therapeutic effect in group A was more prominent for up to 18 months in mild UI and for up to 12 months in moderate UI (A vs. B, P < .05). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the cumulative morbidity rate in mild SI patients was significantly lower in group A (0%) than in group B (12%, P < .005).

CONCLUSION:

Combination therapy with estriol plus PFME was effective and is capable of serving as first-line treatment for mild SI.

PMID:
11304861
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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