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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2001 Jan;63(1 Pt 2):016615. Epub 2000 Dec 27.

Parametric localized modes in quadratic nonlinear photonic structures.

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Optical Sciences Centre, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia.


We analyze two-color spatially localized nonlinear modes formed by parametrically coupled fundamental and second-harmonic fields excited at quadratic (or chi(2)) nonlinear interfaces embedded in a linear layered structure--a quadratic nonlinear photonic crystal. For a periodic lattice of nonlinear interfaces, we derive an effective discrete model for the amplitudes of the fundamental and second-harmonic waves at the interfaces (the so-called discrete chi(2) equations) and find, numerically and analytically, the spatially localized solutions--discrete gap solitons. For a single nonlinear interface in a linear superlattice, we study the properties of two-color localized modes, and describe both similarities to and differences from quadratic solitons in homogeneous media.


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