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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2001 Jan;63(1 Pt 1):011108. Epub 2000 Dec 22.

Critical properties of a branched polymer growth model.

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Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Avenida Litorânea s/n, Campus da Praia Vermelha,24210-340 Niterói RJ, Brazil.


We study the branched polymer growth model (BPGM) introduced by Lucena et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 230 (1994)] in two dimensions. First the BPGM was simulated in very large lattices with concentrations of impurities q=0 and q=0.2. The scaling of the mass in chemical space gives accurate estimates of the critical branching probabilities b(c) and of the chemical dimensions Dc at criticality, improving previous results. Estimates of the fractal dimension D(F) at criticality are consistent with a universal value along the critical line. Our results for q=0 suggest small deviations of Dc and D(F) from the percolation values. We also simulated the BPGM in finite lattices of lengths between L=32 and L=512 for the same concentrations q. Using finite-size scaling techniques, we confirm the previous estimates of D(F) and the universality along the critical line, and obtain the correlation exponent nu=1.43+/-0.06. It proves that the BPGM is not in the same universality class of percolation in two dimensions. Finally, we simulate random walks on the critical polymers grown in very large lattices with q=0 and q=0.2, and obtain the random walk dimension Dw and the spectral dimension Ds. Dw is larger and Ds is smaller than the corresponding values in critical percolation clusters, due to the lower connectivity of the polymers. The scaling relation Ds=2D(F)/Dw is not satisfied, as observed in other tree-like structures.


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