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Eur J Biochem. 2001 Apr;268(8):2270-80.

Carboxyl group of residue Asp647 as possible proton donor in catalytic reaction of alpha-glucosidase from Schizosaccharomyces pombe.

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Division of Applied Bioscience, Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.


cDNA encoding Schizosaccharomyces pombe alpha-glucosidase was cloned from a library constructed from mRNA of the fission yeast, and expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The cDNA, 4176 bp in length, included a single ORF composed of 2910 bp encoding a polypeptide of 969 amino-acid residues with M(r) 106 138. The deduced amino-acid sequence showed a high homology to those of alpha-glucosidases from molds, plants and mammals. Therefore, the enzyme was categorized into the alpha-glucosidase family II. By site-directed mutagenesis, Asp481, Glu484 and Asp647 residues were confirmed to be essential in the catalytic reaction. The carboxyl group (-COOH) of the Asp647 residue was for the first time shown to be the most likely proton donor acting as the acid catalyst in the alpha-glucosidase of family II. Studies with the chemical modifier conduritol B epoxide suggested that the carboxylate group (-COO-) of the Asp481 residue was the catalytic nucleophile, although the role of the Glu484 residue remains obscure.

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