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Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 2001 Feb;26(1):3-8.

Epstein-Barr virus infectious mononucleosis.

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Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Whipps Cross Hospital, Paddington, London, UK.


The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the aetiological agent of classical infectious mononucleosis. This review article describes the antigenicity of the virus, the specific antibody response and the stimulated polyclonal heterophile antibody production in the host. The diagnostic tests for EBV infection are discussed, with particular attention drawn to the pitfalls of the Monospot test. Complications are listed and management strategies are outlined. The uses and complications of steroids are discussed. The importance of avoidance of contact sport and the association with splenic rupture is described.

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