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Clin Microbiol Infect. 2001 Feb;7(2):65-9.

Uptake and intracellular activity of ketolide HMR 3647 in human phagocytic and non-phagocytic cells.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Sevilla, Spain. atomas@cica.es

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the uptake of HMR 3647 into human neutrophils (PMNs), human peritoneal macrophages (PMOs) and tissue-cultured cells (epithelial cells and fibroblasts), and to assess the intracellular activity of this drug.

METHOD:

Cell uptake of HMR 3647 was measured by radiometric assay, as described by Klemper and Styrt. Intracellular activity was determined by incubation for 3 h of PMNs containing bacteria in the presence of HMR 3647.

RESULTS:

The intracellular concentrations were 130 and 71 times higher than extracellular concentrations in PMNs and PMOs, respectively (extracellular concentrations: 2-25 mg/L). The cellular-to-extracellular concentration ratios (C/E) for tissue-cultured cells were lower than those obtained in phagocytic cells but still greater than 5. The uptake of HMR 3647 was rapid and non-saturable in all cells. HMR 3647 was released slowly from phagocytic cells. HMR 3647 (extracellular concentration: 0.5-10 mg/L) did not significantly reduce the intracellular survival rate of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 in PMNs.

CONCLUSIONS:

HMR 3647 reaches intracellular concentrations several times higher than extracellular concentrations within phagocytic and non-phagocytic cells. The slow efflux of this drug from phagocytic cells suggests that these cells may be a vehicle for it, delivering it to sites of infection.

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