Send to

Choose Destination
J Biol Chem. 2001 Jun 15;276(24):21482-8. Epub 2001 Apr 10.

Identification of a ryanodine receptor in rat heart mitochondria.

Author information

Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, University of Rochester, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York 14642, USA.


Recent studies have shown that, in a wide variety of cells, mitochondria respond dynamically to physiological changes in cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)](c)). Mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake occurs via a ruthenium red-sensitive calcium uniporter and a rapid mode of Ca(2+) uptake. Surprisingly, the molecular identity of these Ca(2+) transport proteins is still unknown. Using electron microscopy and Western blotting, we identified a ryanodine receptor in the inner mitochondrial membrane with a molecular mass of approximately 600 kDa in mitochondria isolated from the rat heart. [(3)H]Ryanodine binds to this mitochondrial ryanodine receptor with high affinity. This binding is modulated by Ca(2+) but not caffeine and is inhibited by Mg(2+) and ruthenium red in the assay medium. In the presence of ryanodine, Ca(2+) uptake into isolated heart mitochondria is suppressed. In addition, ryanodine inhibited mitochondrial swelling induced by Ca(2+) overload. This swelling effect was not observed when Ca(2+) was applied to the cytosolic fraction containing sarcoplasmic reticulum. These results are the first to identify a mitochondrial Ca(2+) transport protein that has characteristics similar to the ryanodine receptor. This mitochondrial ryanodine receptor is likely to play an essential role in the dynamic uptake of Ca(2+) into mitochondria during Ca(2+) oscillations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center