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J Biol Chem. 2001 May 11;276(19):16520-7. Epub 2001 Jan 31.

5-Lipoxygenase interacts with coactosin-like protein.

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  • 1Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Division of Physiological Chemistry II, Karolinska Institute, S-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.


We have recently identified coactosin-like protein (CLP) in a yeast two-hybrid screen using 5-lipoxygenase (5LO) as a bait. In this report, we demonstrate a direct interaction between 5LO and CLP. 5LO associated with CLP, which was expressed as a glutathione S-transferase fusion protein, in a dose-dependent manner. Coimmunoprecipitation experiments using epitope-tagged 5LO and CLP proteins transiently expressed in human embryonic kidney 293 cells revealed the presence of CLP in 5LO immunoprecipitates. In reciprocal experiments, 5LO was detected in CLP immunoprecipitates. Non-denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and cross-linking experiments showed that 5LO binds CLP in a 1:1 molar stoichiometry in a Ca(2+)-independent manner. Site-directed mutagenesis suggested an important role for lysine 131 of CLP in mediating 5LO binding. In view of the ability of CLP to bind 5LO and filamentous actin (F-actin), we determined whether CLP could physically link 5LO to actin filaments. However, no F-actin-CLP.5LO ternary complex was observed. In contrast, 5LO appeared to compete with F-actin for the binding of CLP. Moreover, 5LO was found to interfere with actin polymerization. Our results indicate that the 5LO-CLP and CLP-F-actin interactions are mutually exclusive and suggest a modulatory role for 5LO in actin dynamics.

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