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Arch Neurol. 2001 Apr;58(4):629-32.

Multiple simultaneous intracerebral hemorrhages: clinical features and outcome.

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1
Department of Neurology, Hospital J. M. Ramos Mejía, Soler 4019, Sexto Piso, Buenos Aires 1425, Argentina. jorgemaurino@hotmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The simultaneous occurrence of intracerebral hemorrhages in different arterial territories is an uncommon clinical event. Its predisposing factors and pathophysiological mechanisms are not clearly defined.

OBJECTIVE:

To analyze the frequency, risk factors, clinical features, neuroimaging findings, and outcome of multiple simultaneous intracerebral hemorrhages (SIHs).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

We studied all patients with acute stroke admitted to our hospital from July 18, 1997, through December 18, 1999. Multiple SIHs were defined as the presence of 2 or more intracerebral hemorrhages affecting different arterial territories with identical computed tomographic density profiles. Patients with a history of traumatic brain injury were excluded from this study. Diagnostic investigation included routine blood and urine tests, coagulation studies, a chest radiograph, electrocardiogram, 2-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography, and computed tomography of the head without contrast medium. Disability was assessed using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and Modified Rankin Scale.

RESULTS:

Among 142 patients with hemorrhagic stroke, we found 4 (2.8%) with SIHs. All 4 patients had a history of uncontrolled arterial hypertension. We excluded other potential causes of multiple SIHs by using appropriate diagnostic tests. The most common clinical manifestations were headache and weakness. Localization of hematomas was supratentorial, except for one patient who had both infratentorial and supratentorial hemorrhages. The mean National Institutes of Health score on admission was 15 and the Modified Rankin Scale score was higher than 4 at 3 months.

CONCLUSIONS:

In our study, all patients with multiple SIHs had arterial hypertension and a poor outcome. Additional analytic studies, including new imaging techniques, can help to elucidate the association between arterial hypertension and multiple SIHs, risk factors, and underlying mechanisms of this clinical condition.

PMID:
11295994
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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