Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Psychol Sci. 2001 Jan;12(1):18-23.

Emotion knowledge as a predictor of social behavior and academic competence in children at risk.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, Newark 19716, USA. izard@udel.edu

Erratum in

  • Psychol Sci 2001 Jul;12(4):352.

Abstract

Following leads from differential emotions theory and empirical research, we evaluated an index of emotion knowledge as a long-term predictor of positive and negative social behavior and academic competence in a sample of children from economically disadvantaged families (N = 72). The index of emotion knowledge represents the child's ability to recognize and label emotion expressions. We administered control and predictor measures when the children were 5 years old and obtained criterion data at age 9. After controlling for verbal ability and temperament, our index of emotion knowledge predicted aggregate indices of positive and negative social behavior and academic competence. Path analysis showed that emotion knowledge mediated the effect of verbal ability on academic competence. We argue that the ability to detect and label emotion cues facilitates positive social interactions and that a deficit in this ability contributes to behavioral and learning problems. Our findings have implications for primary prevention.

PMID:
11294223
DOI:
10.1111/1467-9280.00304
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center