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Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2001 Apr;20(2):105-27.

Mesenchymal tumors and tumor-like lesions of the female genital tract: a selective review with emphasis on recently described entities.

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James Homer Wright Pathology Laboratories, Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Pathology, Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA.


The diverse mesenchymal tumors and tumor-like lesions that occur within the female genital tract include a number of lesions that have only been recently characterized and others about which there is new information. In this group are the aggressive angiomyxoma, angiomyofibroblastoma, and cellular angiofibroma. Criteria for the distinction of these lesions are reviewed, as are the pathologic features of prognostic significance in assessing smooth muscle tumors of the vulva. The diagnostic problems that the epithelioid variant of smooth muscle tumors, both benign and malignant, may pose when they occur in various areas of the genital tract are discussed, particularly with regard to problems encountered in the ovary, a site where the diagnosis often is not considered. Recent information expanding the morphologic spectrum of fibroepithelial polyps of the genital tract is presented, and important non-neoplastic entities, including nodular fasciitis and the postoperative spindle cell nodule, are reviewed. Mesenchymal tumors of the various types seen in the soft tissues may be encountered anywhere in the female genital tract and have been the subject of particular recent interest in the ovary; issues relevant to differential diagnosis are reviewed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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