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Science. 2001 Apr 6;292(5514):93-5.

Amphibians as indicators of early tertiary "out-of-India" dispersal of vertebrates.

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1
Unit of Evolutionary Genetics, Free University of Brussels (ULB), cp 300, Institute of Molecular Biology and Medicine, rue Jeener and Brachet 12, B-6041 Gosselies, Belgium.

Abstract

Sixty-five million years ago, massive volcanism produced on the India-Seychelles landmass the largest continental lava deposit (Deccan Traps) of the past 200 million years. Using a molecular clock-independent approach for inferring dating information from molecular phylogenies, we show that multiple lineages of frogs survived Deccan Traps volcanism after millions of years of isolation on drifting India. The collision between the Indian and Eurasian plates was followed by wide dispersal of several of these lineages. This "out-of-India" scenario reveals a zoogeographical pattern that might reconcile paleontological and molecular data in other vertebrate groups.

PMID:
11292870
DOI:
10.1126/science.1058875
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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