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Cell Calcium. 2001 May;29(5):347-58.

Anti-adrenergic effect of adenosine on Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchange current recorded from guinea-pig ventricular myocytes.

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1
Department of Physiology and Cardiovascular Research Laboratories, School of Medical Sciences, Bristol, UK.

Abstract

The Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger is a protein present in the cell membrane of many cell types. In heart it plays important roles in Ca homeostasis and ionic current generation. Recently, it has been reported that the beta-adrenergic agonist isoprenaline (ISO) can increase directly Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger activity in guinea-pig ventricular myocytes. Adenosine (ADO) exerts anti-adrenergic properties that make it effective against some arrhythmias and the aim of the present study was to determine whether or not ADO can antagonize the direct modulatory effect of ISO on the exchanger.Whole-cell patch clamp measurements of Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger current (I(NaCa)) were made from guinea-pig ventricular myocytes, with major interfering currents inhibited. I(NaCa) was measured at 378 degrees C as current sensitive to external nickel (Ni(2+), 10 mM) during an applied descending voltage ramp. ISO (1 microM) significantly increased both inward and outward I(NaCa). This effect was abolished in the presence of ADO (200 microM). ADO alone did not significantly alter the amplitude of I(NaCa). The effect of ADO on the response of I(NaCa) to ISO was mimicked by the A(1)ADO receptor agonist N(6)-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA, 10 microM), whereas the effect of ADO on the response of I(NaCa) to ISO was inhibited by the A(1)ADO receptor antagonist 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX, 2 microM). These data suggest that the A(1)ADO receptor mediated the response. The anti-adrenergic effects on I(NaCa) of ADO were not affected by the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, chelerythrine (CLT, 1 microM), nor by the nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, N (G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester((L)-NAME, 0.5 mM). Moreover, in the presence of PKC activator phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA, 1 microM) or exogenous NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 100 microM), ISO preserved its stimulatory effect on I(NaCa). However, prior incubation of myocytes with pertussis toxin (PTX, 5 microg ml(-1) did prevent the effect of ADO. The anti-adrenergic effect of ADO on I(NaCa) was mimicked by externally applied carbachol (CCh, 10 microM), a muscarinic receptor agonist. We conclude that ADO antagonized the effect of beta-adrenergic stimulation of I(NaCa) by directly activating inhibitory G-protein (G(i))-linked A(1) receptors in guinea-pig ventricular myocytes. These findings may suggest a novel mechanism by which adenosine exerts some of its antiarrhythmic effects.

PMID:
11292391
DOI:
10.1054/ceca.2001.0197
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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