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J Clin Neurophysiol. 2001 Jan;18(1):14-9.

Outpatient seizure identification: results of 502 patients using computer-assisted ambulatory EEG.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, Tampa General Hospital, University of South Florida, 33613, USA.


Patients with epilepsy may not always be able to identify their seizures. Epilepsy management relies on patient reporting to validate whether seizures occur during treatment. The goal of this study was to assess the frequency of unreported seizures recorded during routine outpatient ambulatory EEG recording. The authors reviewed 552 records from 502 patients who underwent outpatient 16-channel computer-assisted ambulatory EEG monitoring (CAA-EEG). Seizure identification was evaluated by assessing push-button activation. Partial seizures were seen most commonly. A total of 47 of 552 records (8.5%) had partial seizures recorded on CAA-EEG, with 29 of 47 (61.7%) with electroclinical seizures identified by push-button activation. Seizures on EEG without push-button activation were analyzed separately and compared with a self-reported written diary to verify lack of recognition. A total of 18 of 47 records (38.3%) had some partial seizures that were unrecognized by the patient, and 11 of 47 records (23.4%) had seizures recognized only by the computer. The authors conclude that patients frequently have seizures outside of the hospital that go unrecognized. Underreporting of seizure frequency occurs in the outpatient setting and impacts optimal diagnosis and treatment for patients with epilepsy.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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