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J Immunol. 2001 Apr 15;166(8):4884-90.

Unique functions of CD11b+, CD8 alpha+, and double-negative Peyer's patch dendritic cells.

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Immune Cell Interaction Unit, Mucosal Immunity Section, Laboratory of Clinical Investigation, National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


We have recently demonstrated the presence of three populations of dendritic cells (DC) in the murine Peyer's patch. CD11b(+)/CD8alpha(-) (myeloid) DCs are localized in the subepithelial dome, CD11b(-)/CD8alpha(+) (lymphoid) DCs in the interfollicular regions, and CD11b(-)/CD8alpha(-) (double-negative; DN) DCs at both sites. We now describe the presence of a novel population of intraepithelial DN DCs within the follicle-associated epithelium and demonstrate a predominance of DN DCs only in mucosal lymphoid tissues. Furthermore, we demonstrate that all DC subpopulations maintain their surface phenotype upon maturation in vitro, and secrete a distinct pattern of cytokines upon exposure to T cell and microbial stimuli. Only myeloid DCs from the PP produce high levels of IL-10 upon stimulation with soluble CD40 ligand(-) trimer, or Staphylococcus aureus and IFN-gamma. In contrast, lymphoid and DN, but not myeloid DCs, produce IL-12p70 following microbial stimulation, whereas no DC subset produces IL-12p70 in response to CD40 ligand trimer. Finally, we show that myeloid DCs from the PP are particularly capable of priming naive T cells to secrete high levels of IL-4 and IL-10, when compared with those from nonmucosal sites, while lymphoid and DN DCs from all tissues prime for IFN-gamma production. These findings thus suggest that DC subsets within mucosal tissues have unique immune inductive capacities.

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