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Am J Pathol. 2001 Apr;158(4):1207-15.

Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 alters the tumorigenicity of Burkitt's lymphoma via divergent effects on tumor growth and angiogenesis.

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National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, Extracellular Matrix Section, Laboratory of Pathology, Division of Clinical Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive Burkitt's lymphoma cells and EBV-infected B cells elicit humoral factors that inhibit tumor-induced angiogenesis, resulting in tumor necrosis and regression. Of the chemokine factors identified in association with this growth behavior, none have induced complete tumor regression. We have previously identified tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 in various B cell lymphoma cell lines. Here we show that induction of TIMP-1 expression in an EBV-negative Burkitt's lymphoma cell line results in a biphasic, in vivo tumor growth pattern in the nude mouse that is essentially identical to EBV-positive Burkitt's lymphoma cell lines. The initial effect of TIMP-1 is to enhance tumor growth, consistent with the reported anti-apoptotic effect of TIMP-1 on B cell growth. Tumor necrosis and regression then follow the initial period of rapid, increased tumor growth. Only microscopic foci of residual, proliferating tumor cells are observed on biopsy of the tumor site. This latter effect is mediated by TIMP-1 inhibition of an angiogenic response within the developing tumor mass, as demonstrated by immunostaining and microvessel counts. These findings suggest that TIMP-1 is an important mediator of the in vivo growth properties of EBV-positive Burkitt's lymphoma.

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