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Thyroid. 2001 Feb;11(2):171-5.

Association of DRB1*04-DQB1*0301 haplotype and lack of association of two polymorphic sites at CTLA-4 gene with Hashimoto's thyroiditis in an Italian population.

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1
Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is an autoimmune disease resulting from a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors. The genetic loci conferring susceptibility need to be still defined. The aim of the present study was to determine whether Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-Associated Antigen-4 (CTLA-4), HLA DRB1, and DQB1 genes were associated to HT in an Italian population. We evaluated the allele distribution of the following loci: CTLA-4 exon 1 A49G dimorphism, which resulted in an amino acidic exchange (Thr/Ala) in the leader peptide, CTLA-4 3' microsatellite, HLA DRB1 and DQB1 in 126 patients with HT and in 301 control subjects from an Italian population (Lazio region). CTLA-4 exon 1 A49G dimorphism was typed by Polymerase Chain Reaction and Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP); CTLA-4 3' microsatellite alleles were defined using a fluorescence-based method. HLA DRB1 and DQB1 alleles were typed using a SSO reverse line blot method and a probeless procedure based on allele group-specific amplification followed by DNA heteroduplex analysis, respectively. Data were initially analyzed by chi2 test or Fisher's exact test. Multiple logistic regression analysis was then applied on factors with significant crude odds ratios and on CTLA-4 exon 1 A49G dimorphism to investigate their independent effects. The two polymorphic sites at CTLA-4 gene did not increase the risk for HT. The distribution of HLA DRB1 and DQB1 alleles did not show any significant difference between patients and controls, however, the DRB1*04-DQB1*0301 haplotype was significantly increased in patients. Other factors that increase the risk of disease were gender and age. Females showed approximately 18 times more risk than males; subjects older than 50 years had an odds ratio of 6.6. These data suggest that these two polymorphic sites at CTLA-4 do not play a major role in the susceptibility of the disease in an Italian population while female gender, age over 50 years, HLA DRB1*04-DQB1*0301 haplotype increase the risk of developing HT.

PMID:
11288988
DOI:
10.1089/105072501300042901
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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