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Rev Sci Tech. 2001 Apr;20(1):180-203.

Mycobacteriosis in birds.

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Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Tupper Hall, Room 2108, University of California-Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA.


Avian mycobacteriosis is an important disease which affects companion, captive exotic, wild and domestic birds. The disease is most commonly caused by Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium genavense. Lesions are typically found in the liver and gastrointestinal tract, although many other organ systems can potentially be affected. The authors review those species of Mycobacterium reported to affect birds, the epidemiology of avian mycobacteriosis, immunological responses to mycobacterial infection, ante- and post-mortem diagnosis, treatment and prevention or control of the disease.

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