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Mol Cell Biol. 2001 May;21(9):2981-90.

Phosphorylation of nuclear phospholipase C beta1 by extracellular signal-regulated kinase mediates the mitogenic action of insulin-like growth factor I.

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Liggins Institute, School of Medicine, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.


It is well established that a phosphoinositide (PI) cycle which is operationally distinct from the classical plasma membrane PI cycle exists within the nucleus, where it is involved in both cell proliferation and differentiation. However, little is known about the regulation of the nuclear PI cycle. Here, we report that nucleus-localized phospholipase C (PLC) beta1, the key enzyme for the initiation of this cycle, is a physiological target of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). Stimulation of Swiss 3T3 cells with insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) caused rapid nuclear translocation of activated ERK and concurrently induced phosphorylation of nuclear PLC beta1, which was completely blocked by the MEK inhibitor PD 98059. Coimmunoprecipitation detected a specific association between the activated ERK and PLC beta1 within the nucleus. In vitro studies revealed that recombinant PLC beta1 could be efficiently phosphorylated by activated mitogen-activated protein kinase but not by PKA. The ERK phosphorylation site was mapped to serine 982, which lies within a PSSP motif located in the characteristic carboxy-terminal tail of PLC beta1. In cells overexpressing a PLC beta1 mutant in which serine 982 is replaced by glycine (S982G), IGF-I failed to activate the nuclear PI cycle, and its mitogenic effect was also markedly attenuated. Expression of S982G was found to inhibit ERK-mediated phosphorylation of endogenous PLC beta1. This result suggests that ERK-evoked phosphorylation of PLC beta1 at serine 982 plays a critical role in the activation of the nuclear PI cycle and is also crucial to the mitogenic action of IGF-I.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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