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J Addict Dis. 2001;20(1):43-8.

Crack cocaine--a two-year follow-up of treated patients.

Author information

1
UNIAD, Departamento de Psiquiatria, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil. laranjeira@psiquiatria.epm.br

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate the 2-year outcome of the first 131 crack cocaine users who had been admitted for a period of inpatient treatment.

DESIGN:

Follow-up study of consecutive patients admitted between 1992 and 1994.

SETTING:

Inpatient detoxification unit of a public general hospital in São Paulo City, Brazil.

PARTICIPANTS:

131 consecutive crack cocaine users.

MEASURES:

Reported crack use during last 12 months, incarceration and death.

FINDINGS:

After 2 years, 50 patients reported crack use in the last 12 months, 29 said that they had not used it during this period, 9 were in prison, 13 had died, 2 had disappeared and no information was available on 28.

CONCLUSIONS:

Crack cocaine use seems to be associated with a high mortality rate and criminal involvement but about one-third of patients give up using the drug within 2 years of inpatient treatment.

PMID:
11286430
DOI:
10.1300/J069v20n01_05
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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