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Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2001 May;31(1):15-22.

Identification of extensive genomic loss and gain by comparative genomic hybridisation in malignant astrocytoma in children and young adults.

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University Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Neurology, University College London, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, England.


Although astrocytomas are the most common central nervous system tumours in all age groups, there is substantial evidence that tumours arising in young patients (< 25 years of age) do not have the same genetic abnormalities that are characteristic of tumours in older patients. Furthermore, novel, consistent changes have not been identified in astrocytomas in children and young adults. We analysed 13 malignant astrocytomas from young patients using comparative genomic hybridisation. Regions of genomic imbalance were identified in 10 cases. The most common recurrent copy number aberrations were loss of 16p (54% of cases), 17p (38%), 19p (38%), and 22 (38%) and gain on 2q (38%), 12q (38%), 13 (38%), 4q (31%), 5q (31%), and 8q (31%). Seven regions of high copy number amplification were observed at 8q21-22 (three cases), 7q22-23 (two cases), and 1p21-22, 2q22, 12q13-pter, 12q15-21, and 13q11-14 (one case each). This study provides evidence of new characteristic chromosomal imbalances from which potential candidate genes involved in the development of malignant astrocytoma in children and young adults may be identified.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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